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Rankings

 

Kyu levels

The Bujinkan Dōjō has a series of kyū (grades) below the level of shodan. The new student starts at mukyu ("without grade") and progresses from kukyu (9-kyu), the lowest rank, to ikkyu (1-kyu), the highest. Unranked (mukyū) practitioners wear white belts, kyu grade practitioners wear green belts, and those with ranks of shōdan and above wear black belts. In some dojos kyu-level practitioners – especially in children's classes – wear colored belts, though the actual color of the belt varies from place to place. In Japan it was once customary for kyu-level men to wear green belts over a black gi and women to wear red belts over a purple gi, but this practice has largely been abandoned. Both male and female Bujinkan practitioners now wear green belts at most Japanese dojos. Outside Japan, some countries still follow the custom of green for men and red for women, while others use green for all practitioners.

Dan levels

There are fifteen dan grades in the Bujinkan, although only ten are formally recognised (10th dan has five levels within it). With the exception of fifth dan (see below) there are no fixed criteria for attaining each grade. Different dojos have their own approaches based on the cultural environment and the instructor’s preference.

Typically the study of tenchijin ryaku no maki (arts of heaven, earth and man) guides progression from 9-kyu to shodan (1st dan) and comprises all the fundamental techniques required for advanced study thereafter. Until 4th dan the student is expected to focus on developing strong foundations and to perfect their form. At 5th dan the training focus changes to becoming more responsive and responding naturally in dynamic & increasingly challenging situations.

In order to attain fifth dan (godan), fourth dan practitioners must submit to a sakki (or godan) test before the sōke to establish that they are able to sense the presence of danger and evade it, which is considered a fundamental survival skill. After passing this test, a practitioner is considered to be under the protection of the Bujin, or Guiding Spirits, and is entitled to apply for a teaching license (shidōshi menkyo). A shidōshi (士道師) (person ranked from fifth to tenth dan) is entitled to open their own Bujinkan dōjō and grade students up to fourth dan. A practitioner between first dan and fourth dan may become a licensed assistant teacher (shidōshi-ho) if backed by and acting under the supervision of a shidōshi. In the Bujinkan, a person ranked eighth dan or higher is often referred to as a shihan.

The practitioner's level is displayed by the color of the art's emblem, called wappen (ワッペン) inscribed with the kanji "bu"() and "jin" (). There are four kinds of wappen (9 to 1 kyū, 1 to 4 dan, 5 to 9 dan, and 10 to 15 dan), sometimes augmented with up to four silver, gold or white stars (called hoshi) above or around the emblem, representing the individual ranks.

In addition to the kyu/dan system, a few practitioners have earned menkyo kaiden "licenses of complete transmission" in individual schools. These establish that the master practitioner has learned all that there is to learn about the particular lineage. Whereas the kyu/dan ranks are often made public, those who have earned menkyo kaiden rarely divulge their status, sometimes even being reluctant to recognize their actual dan ranking to outsiders.

 

 

 

Instructor Ranking Key:

Blackbelt (1st dan to 4th dan)

Shidoshi (5th dan - 9th dan)

Shihan (10th dan or higher)

Dai Shihan(15 dan)

 

教练级别称谓:

 

黑带(黑带1-4段)

士道师(5-9段)

师范(10-14段)

大师范(15段)

 

 


 

 

 

 

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【Shanghai Xuhui Dojo】

 

Wellness Fitness Club, in Ming Yuan Xiao An Qiao Apartment.No.1698, West Zhong Shan Rd.

 

(Near Yi Shan  Rd, Subway Line 3/4/9, Yi Shan Rd Station)

 

 

 

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